By Carolyn E. Schwartz, Mirjam A. G. Sprangers
Univ. of Massachusetts, Worcester. A build permitting researchers to appreciate and determine the impression of healthiness alterations on perceived caliber of existence. Examines reaction shift in populations resembling humans dwelling with AIDS, prostate melanoma sufferers, and breast melanoma sufferers present process remedy. For researchers, practitioners, and coverage makers. DNLM: edition, mental.
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Extra resources for Adaptation to Changing Health: Response Shift in Quality-of-Life Research
After their diagnosis), rather than during the period under investigation. , no recalibration, no change in values). A third explanation of the null results is that some men might not have perceived the side effects of incontinence or sexual dysfunction as a major problem. Men in this age cohort could have been dealing with urinary and sexual problems prior to their prostate cancer because of other SUPPRESSOR AND BUFFER MODELS 49 physical or psychological conditions. To the extent that such men have already accommodated to these problems prior to their prostate cancer, they would have no need to make further accommodations after their treatment.
Campbell, Converse, and Rodgers (1976) noted the importance of establishing “absolute and interpersonally comparable measurement of aspiration” (p. 174) to understand the meaning of subjective well-being ratings. Calman (1984) defined QOL as “the difference, at a particular moment in time, between hopes and expectations and present experiences” (p. 125). Sartorius (1987) described QOL as the “anticipated satisfaction of personal goals” (p. 19). Cella and Tulsky (1990) have suggested that QOL refers to the “patients’ appraisal of and satisfaction with their current level of functioning as compared t o what they perceive to be possible or ideal” (p.
We used the 1Zitem version of the Medical Outcomes Study Short-Form General Health Survey (SF-12; Ware, Kosinski, & Keller, 1995) to assess perceived QOL at Time 1 (Tl) and Time 2 (T2). , social and emotional functioning, vitality, role functioning). , 1995). Scores are standardized and range from a low of 0 to a high of 100, with a higher score indicative of better QOL. Physical health problems: The Prostate Cancer Index. , 1998) to assess physical health problems (urinary and sexual dysfunction) at T1 and T2.
Adaptation to Changing Health: Response Shift in Quality-of-Life Research by Carolyn E. Schwartz, Mirjam A. G. Sprangers