By World Bank
With virtually part the world¡¯s inhabitants, Asia will confirm the way forward for the worldwide HIV/AIDS pandemic. there's a major probability of a large-scale HIV/AIDS epidemic within the area. and plenty of international locations have already began the struggle: classes were realized in quite a few contexts, together with stories from Thailand, the Philippines, Indonesia, and Papua New Guinea. Governments, civil society, and different companions are key gamers during this reaction. in spite of the fact that, with new tools of investment, problems with ability, and an evolving epidemic, responses needs to take note of 5 key demanding situations: political dedication and multisectoral help; public healthiness surveillance and tracking and assessment; prevention; care, aid, and therapy; and future health prone supply.
Addressing HIV/AIDS in East Asia and the Pacific identifies techniques for the way the realm financial institution, in shut partnership with executive, civil society and different companions, may also help within the reaction on the kingdom and local degrees. It stresses the necessity for kingdom particular ideas to handle the variety of matters in the sector and highlights the significance of analytic and advisory paintings during this zone to help ongoing and deliberate courses in addition to capability construction efforts.
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Key Challenges • 35 Antiretroviral therapy is also very important in preventing mother-tochild transmission. Successful prevention programs for mother-to-child transmission require a mixture of prevention, care, support, and treatment, including voluntary counseling and testing, replacement feeding, and antiretroviral therapy (FHI/USAID 2001b). Moreover, managing HIV infection requires a range of other services including clinical management of HIV/AIDS-related illnesses, prevention and control of opportunistic infections (for example, tuberculosis), palliative care, home care, and psychosocial support.
It is also necessary to know how these sex workers and drug-using populations overlap. Multiple approaches may be needed to understand the potential for growth of HIV/AIDS in a society and the effectiveness of interventions. These include routine information collection systems, including surveys and qualitative research. More funding is needed for public health surveillance and social science research on sexual and drug-using behaviors, along with increased capacity for conducting research in local universities and government agencies.
Higher mortality may have played a role in the decline in HIV. Regardless, the program shows the importance of a local pilot and demonstrates the feasibility for wider replication that can improve political acceptability. The decline in HIV was accomplished with limited domestic funding and limited state capacity and supplemented by strong partnerships with international development agencies. Cambodia is a positive example of international development cooperation, linking UNAIDS, WHO, USAID, the Department for International Development (DFID), the Asian Development Bank, and the World Bank in fostering an effective national response to HIV/AIDS.
Addressing HIV/AIDS in East Asia and the Pacific by World Bank