Download Antonio Gramsci: Life of a Revolutionary by Giuseppe Fiori, Tom Nairn PDF

By Giuseppe Fiori, Tom Nairn

ISBN-10: 0860915336

ISBN-13: 9780860915331

Antonio Gramsci used to be born in Sardinia in 1891, grew to become the chief of the Italian Communist get together in his early thirties, was once arrested via Mussolini's police in 1927, and remained imprisoned until eventually presently sooner than his demise ten years later. The posthumous e-book of his "Prison Notebooks" validated him as a tremendous philosopher whose effect keeps to extend. Fiori's biography enlarges upon the proof of Gramsci's lifestyles via own money owed, and during Gramsci's personal writings to family and neighbors. In touching on Gramsci's development as a political chief and theorist to his deepest adventure, it deals acute insights into his involvement within the manufacturing facility councils circulation. It examines his dating with political rivals, together with Mussolini, and along with his comrades in the Communist get together sooner than and through Gramsci's imprisonment. it's an process which seeks to explicate, in addition to underscore, the giant success of 1 of crucial figures in western Marxism.

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This was provoked by the Republic’s attempt to recruit ever larger numbers of troops to cope with enemies advancing from all sides to crush the revolution. The backward peasants of the wooded ‘bocage’ areas in the Vendée (and other such regions) were heavily influenced by the Church. The attack on the clergy, through the Civil Constitution and the subsequent persecution of non-juring priests, had pushed many peasants into hostility to the revolution. More importantly they had benefited little from the revolution and in particular had seen the ‘republican’ bourgeoisie of nearby towns grab most of the land released by the sale of confiscated property.

The vast bulk of the deputies were solidly bourgeois but not committed to any defined policy or faction. Rather they were prepared to back whichever seemed best to defend their interests at any nine. They were known as the ‘Marsh’ or the ‘Plain’ – and were occasionally referred to as the frogs of the marsh because they hopped between various positions. The more coherent groups were always a minority of the Convention, and a smaller minority still among the bourgeoisie outside. They depended on the support, or tacit acceptance because of the lack of any immediately apparent alternative, of the bulk in the middle.

And the Committee of Public Safety made almost no attempt to curb the developing black market in which the better off could buy at higher prices. Partly these limits to control and centralisation stem from the objective situation. The level of economic development, poor transport and communications and the like, set a limit to the degree of centralisation. An indication of the difficulties is that it took around two weeks to transport goods from Paris to Lyons, and 25 days to reach Marseilles. [152] Despite the immense difficulties over the winter of Year II the revolution succeeded in mobilising its resources, halting the invasions and crushing internal counterrevolution.

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Antonio Gramsci: Life of a Revolutionary by Giuseppe Fiori, Tom Nairn

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