By Judith Bronstein
The Order of the sanatorium of St John used to be one of the such a lot artistic and demanding associations of the center a while, its historical past scary a lot debate and controversy. in spite of the fact that, there was little or no examine of how within which it operated as an company contributing to the survival of the Christian payment within the East, a spot which this ebook addresses. It makes a speciality of the effect of some of the crises within the East upon the Order, taking a look at the way it reacted to occasions, the contributions that western priories performed within the rehabilitation of the East, and a few of the efforts made to revive its monetary and armed forces energy. specifically, the writer indicates the major position performed via the papacy, either within the Order's restoration, and in choosing the destiny of the crusader states. total, it bargains a complete new point of view at the connections among East and West.
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Extra resources for The Hospitallers and the Holy Land : Financing the Latin East, 1187-1274
Grégoire IX, no. 3991. 22 THE HOSPITALLERS AND THE HOLY LAND The Hospitallers sided with Richard of Cornwall, who, in February 1241, renewed Frederick’s treaty with Egypt. 63 These treaties allowed the Latins to enlarge the frontiers of the kingdom of Jerusalem. 67 With the refortification of castles and fortresses, the Latins, and the Military Orders in particular, hoped to re-establish their rule in these districts and to secure these new borders. Owing to its strategic importance, the Templars began to rebuild Safad almost immediately after the treaty with Damascus was concluded.
Aimery of Pax, the first castellan of Selefkie, was an experienced brother, who had previously been commander in the castellany of Amposta and castellan of Margat. After being castellan of Selefkie he was appointed grand commander of Outremer. Ferrand of Barras, who was castellan of Selefkie in 1214, was subsequently appointed to a wide range of high offices in the East and in Europe: he was the marshal of the Order in Acre, prior of St. 40 The Hospitallers seem to have met Leon’s expectations of defending his western border.
20 THE HOSPITALLERS AND THE HOLY LAND William of Chartres, the master of the Temple, to Pope Honorius III. He wrote that the crop harvested was far less than had been expected. 49 During the siege of Damietta in 1218 the crusaders, including the masters of the Military Orders, often complained to the West about the lack of provisions and money. 53 Although the evidence for the number of casualties suffered by the Hospitallers in this campaign is imprecise, they paid a heavy price in human lives: in a letter to Honorius III, James of Vitry wrote that the Hospitallers and the Templars had lost 200 brother-knights during the siege of Damietta.
The Hospitallers and the Holy Land : Financing the Latin East, 1187-1274 by Judith Bronstein